A planet roughly the size of Jupiter was recently observed orbiting a distant star. The problem is that the planet was observed about 300 times farther from the star than earth. This observation has lead to a contradiction in the current working theories of how planets and stars are formed. The current theory of stellar formation is basically that swirling clouds of dust coalesce to form the celestial bodies. However, current theories would have predicted that there wouldn't be enough material floating that far away from star. So, start those new theories churning! Or find the hole in the observational data.